INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ANNOUNCEMENT Interdisciplinary Studies of Ancient Materials from the Mediterranean Nicosia, 17-19 September 2014 University of Cyprus First Call for Papers The <http://www.narnia-itn.eu> NARNIA research network is pleased to announce the organisation of the international conference, entitled: "Interdisciplinary Studies of Ancient Materials from the Mediterranean", to be held at the main campus of the University of Cyprus, in Nicosia, Cyprus, between the 17th and 19th of September 2014. The conference will provide an opportunity for new and established researchers to share research in an international forum and to exchange ideas on the latest interdisciplinary approaches, analytical techniques and methodologies for the integrated study of ancient materials, technologies and the environment. The NARNIA network is a collaboration of researchers who are engaged in the holistic study of ancient materials to facilitate a better understanding of the strategies associated with the production and the consumption of material culture and its impact on the historic and ancient environment. We invite oral and poster presentations of research projects that cut across disciplines, and combine archaeological and analytical data to aid archaeological and historical interpretation. Contributions that discuss ancient production techniques, the history of technology, cultural transformation at both local and regional scales are especially welcome. In addition to the papers that will be presented by the twenty NARNIA fellows, we encourage presentations by other research teams or individuals outside of the NARNIA network. Submitted papers and posters should fall under one or more of the following themes, which correspond to <http://www.narnia-itn.eu/narnia-identity/work-areas/> the work areas of the NARNIA project: 1. The interdisciplinary study of ancient ceramics 2. Ancient and historical glass production and trade 3. Copper metallurgy across the Mediterranean 4. Interdisciplinary assessments of architectural decoration (mosaics, wall-paintings, stone buildings) 5. Dating techniques and the palaeo-environment 6. pXRF application in Archaeology Abstract Submission Abstracts of a maximum of 250 words should be submitted by the 31st of March 2014 to firstname.lastname@example.org in MS Word or PDF format. Abstracts should be accompanied by the following information: Surname First Name Position Affiliation Phone number Email address Paper or Poster presentation (please select one) Title of paper or poster presentation The outcome of the abstract submission evaluation will be sent to the authors directly, by the 9 May 2014. Presentations The official language of the workshop is English. Oral presentations should not exceed 15 minutes. Conference Expenses Participants are responsible for their travel and accommodation expenses. There will be registration fee of 75β�¬ (50β�¬ reduced price for students), which will cover the costs of coffee breaks during the conference and one conference dinner. Publication The peer-reviewed papers will be published in the form of an edited volume. Acceptance for presentation of a paper does not guarantee acceptance for publication. Authors of papers that are accepted for publication, will be contacted separately in due time, with clear instructions on the publication procedure. Organising committee Prof. Vasiliki Kassianidou β�� NARNIA project coordinator, Archaeological Research Unit, University of Cyprus Dr Maria Dikomitou-Eliadou β�� NARNIA project manager, Archaeological Research Unit, University of Cyprus Scientific committee Dr Eleni Aloupi (Thetis Authentics Ltd) Dr Fadi Balaawi (Hashemite University) Dr Yannis Bassiakos (N.C.S.R. Demokritos) Dr Peter Day (University of Sheffield) Dr Maria Dikomitou-Eliadou (University of Cyprus) Dr Roger Doonan (University of Sheffield) Dr Demetrios Eliades (G.M. EuroCy Innovations Ltd) Prof. Anne-Marie Guimier-Sorbets (Universite Paris-Ouest) Prof. Vasiliki Kassianidou (University of Cyprus) Dr Vassilis Kilikoglou (N.C.S.R. Demokritos) Prof. Marcos MartinΓ³n-Torres (University College London) Prof. Demetrios Michaelides (University of Cyprus) Mr George Milis (G.M. EuroCy Innovations Ltd) Prof. Karin Nys (Vrije Universiteit Brussel) Dr Giorgos Papasavvas (University of Cyprus) Prof. Thilo Rehren (University College London Qatar) Contact For further information or clarifications, please contact Dr Maria Dikomitou-Eliadou, the NARNIA project manager, Archaeological Research Unit, University of Cyprus, e-mail: <mailto:email@example.com> firstname.lastname@example.org
Available online 2 October 2013
Sedimentary processes involved in mud brick degradation in temperate environments: a micromorphological approach in an ethnoarchaeological context in northern Greece
- •Mud bricks and their degradation products best identified using micromorphology.
- •Mud bricks differ from soil by increased homogeneity and having deformation features.
- •Degraded mud brick sediments should be viewed as slope deposits.
- •Gravity and water degrade mud brick walls through a variety of wet and dry flows.
Sun dried mud bricks are a common building material across the globe, found in many archaeological sites in the Old World since ca. 11,000 years ago. This material is known to disintegrate due to exposure to the elements, mostly affected by rain. Yet, the geomorphic and sedimentological characteristics of this disintegration process have never been studied in detail until recently. Here we report on mud brick degradation processes observed in an abandoned mud brick village in northern Greece. We demonstrate that mud bricks have unique micromorphological characteristics that differentiate them from natural soils. Upon degradation some of these characteristics are lost (e.g., planar voids after fibrous vegetal temper). Rain initiates brick degradation at the upper parts of walls where from brick material is washed down walls and deposited at their feet, forming a conical talus. The talus deposits show micromorphological features indicative of a variety of flows, including wet and dry grain flows, debris, hyperconcentrated and water flows. These flows seem to operate simultaneously across small distances. These talus deposits are different micromorphologically from natural soils thus their characteristics can be used to identify degraded mud brick material in archaeological sites. This, in turn, may help identify the location of long degraded mud brick walls (in the absence of stone foundations) and identify the relationship between house floors and degraded infill that accumulated on floors following wall degradation. A comparison between the current observations with a previous study we conducted in an abandoned mud brick house in arid southern Israel, illustrates the generality of these low energy slope processes in mud brick degradation, which emphasizes the worldwide applicability of the processes identified in this study.